Mental Health Engagement

Mental health during Covid-19

CCLA initiated its mental health engagement programme in early 2019. Since then, the Covid-19 crisis has swept across the globe, lending a greater level of urgency to the campaign. A combination of obligatory remote working, social isolation, quarantine, bereavement and pending recession will have unprecedented mental health consequences for a great number of people. This is a unique time for workplace mental health, with no historical parallel from which to learn.

For this reason, CCLA is inviting other investors to join us in encouraging businesses to protect their employees’ mental health during this challenging time.


The UK is already facing a mental health crisis. Pre-pandemic research has shown that mental ill-health was costing UK employers between £33 billion and £42 billion every year, accounted for by a combination of sickness absence, lost productivity and outgoings associated with staff turnover. This is the equivalent of £1,205 to £1,560 for every single employee.[i] Mental ill health is the top cause of long-term absence from work and accounted for 57% of the total number of lost working days in the UK in 2018.[ii] [iii]

As investors, we want the companies that we own to be successful; we believe that poor workplace mental health represents a significant obstacle to this success. There is a growing recognition that employers can make a tangible difference to individuals’ mental health, and that creating a positive environment for mental health in the workplace demonstrably costs less than failing to do so.[iv]

Accordingly, we wrote to and met a select group of investee companies with an underlying workforce of c.400,000 people. The results showed a wide disparity of approaches to workplace mental health. While some have gone above and beyond legislated minimum standards, others have made little or no progress.

A new emphasis

Since the engagement programme was first launched, Covid-19 has swept across the globe at an alarming rate. In the UK, we are now facing a government-enforced lockdown, rigorous social distancing measures and strict quarantine rules for those with symptoms or co-habiting with an infected person. Schools and universities, non-essential shops, cafes, restaurants and bars are shut. Workers who can, must work from home.

What are the consequences for mental health? We believe people will be affected in the following ways, a combination of which will undoubtedly escalate the costs associated with poor mental health, not least for employers:

  • Remote working/social isolation

For employees accustomed to conventional office life and a steady rate of social interaction, remote working can pose a real challenge. Studies have shown that remote workers often experience symptoms of anxiety and depression at a higher rate than people commuting into traditional office spaces. Specifically, feelings of isolation and loneliness and high rates of worry about job performance and stability. [v]

In the past, however, those working remotely could socialise outside working hours. By contrast, current restrictions on movement and physical interaction now force people not only to work from home but to stay at home too. Pre-pandemic research has shown that loneliness and isolation can be ‘twice as harmful to physical and mental health as obesity.’ What is more, it is most harmful when it is chronic, which will be a temporary reality for many while the crisis plays out.[vi] Social isolation is also shown to contribute to poorer cognitive performance and executive functioning, faster cognitive decline, more negativity and feelings of depression and a heightened sensitivity to social threats.[vii]

Physical proximity is important for generating a sense of community, which can have a profound effect on employee health.[viii] Technology may be the answer to the Covid-19 crisis but it is no substitute for human interaction.

  • Economic downturn/possible recession

Worries about job performance and stability may rise as we face the possibility of an economic downturn and global recession. Should the current pandemic last for more than a few months, growing socioeconomic risk factors, such as unemployment, financial strain, debt and job insecurity will have an ever-increasing impact on the population’s mental health, with heightened anxiety at its core.[ix]

In addition, pre-existing anxiety problems will likely be aggravated by the constant, incessant news flow relating to the disease.[x]

  • Infection and/or quarantine

The closest recent historical parallel to today’s pandemic is the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002/3. Although not nearly as widespread, as a transmittable infectious disease, SARS was successfully contained by instituting widespread quarantine measures. Although the outbreak was terminated, the effects of quarantine on those in isolation included a high prevalence of psychological distress. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression was observed in 29% and 31% of respondents to a survey in Canada, respectively. Spending longer in quarantine resulted in an increased prevalence of PTSD symptoms. In addition, acquaintance with or direct exposure to someone who had been diagnosed with SARS was also associated with PTSD and depressive symptoms.[xi]

What next?

While a highly infectious disease spreads across the world, we are focussing our efforts on an invisible, non-communicable disease in the belief that if left unaddressed, mental illness will become the next global pandemic. The associated human and monetary costs could be colossal. [xii]

Through continued dialogue and engagement, our aim is to:

  1. drive workplace mental health to the top of the corporate agenda

  2. build a substantial coalition of investors to push for improvement

  3. boost the mental resilience and wellbeing of workers across all sectors and industries.


As investors, we try to be responsible stewards of our clients’ assets; we also aim to invest in successful companies. Pushing for progress in workplace mental health is a moral and economic necessity.



[i] Stevenson, D./Farmer, P. (2017), ‘Thriving at Work, The Stevenson/Farmer Review of Mental Health and Employers:

[ii] ISO (2019), Mental Health and the Management Standards:

[iii] Efficacy (2018), 2017−18 Employee Rates of Mental Illness due to Work Related Stress:

[iv] Carrington, N. (2017), University of the Arts London, quoted in, Stevenson, D./Farmer, P. (2017), ‘Thriving at Work, The Stevenson/Farmer Review of Mental Health and Employers:

[v] Forbes (2019), ‘Are Home Offices Fueling A Mental Health Crisis?’,

[vi] Forbes (2020), ‘When Home Becomes The Workplace: Mental Health And Remote Work’,

[vii] National Center for Biotechnology Information (2010), ‘Perceived Social Isolation and Cognition’,

[viii] World Health Organisation (2010), ‘WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model: Background and Supporting Literature and Practices’,

[ix] BMC Public Health (2015), ‘Mental Health Outcomes in Times of Economic Recession: A Systematic Literature Review,

[x] Anxiety UK (2020), ‘Covid-19 and Anxiety – Part 2’,

[xi] National Center for Biotechnology Information (2004), ‘SARS Control and Psychological Effects of Quarantine’, Toronto, Canada,

[xii]  The direct cost of mental ill-health to the UK economy in 2017 was estimated at between £74 billion to £94 billion, equating to between 3.6% and 4.9% of UK GDP in that year. Stevenson / Farmer (2017), Thriving at Work, The Stevenson / Farmer review of mental health and employers:



Terms and conditions

Website terms of use policy

CCLA Website Terms of Use

Welcome to CCLA's website for:

  • fund management services for  CCLA Funds (details of and documentation relating to all CCLA Funds is available on CCLA’s website); and
  • discretionary investment management services for individual client portfolios.

This page provides you with information about CCLA and the legal terms and conditions (Terms of Use or Terms) on which you can access and use this website.

By using or accessing any part of this website, you confirm that you accept these Terms of Use and that you agree to comply with them.  Please read these Terms of Use carefully and make sure that you understand them before using this website. If you do not wish to be bound by these Terms you must not use or access this website.

Where necessary, we may amend these Terms of Use from time to time by updating this page.  We therefore recommend that you check this page periodically to ensure that you understand the Terms which will apply from time to time.

1. About us (CCLA)

1.1 Any reference to CCLA or we/us on this website (including these Terms of Use) means CCLA Investment Management Limited and/or CCLA Fund Managers Limited (as applicable).

1.2 CCLA Investment Management Limited (CCLA IM) is a company registered in England and Wales with company number 2183088. It is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (FSMA), and is entered on the Financial Services Register under registration number 119281.

1.3 CCLA Fund Managers Limited (CCLA FM) is a company registered in England and Wales with company number 8735639.It is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority under FSMA and is entered on the Financial Services Register under registration number 611707.

1.4  The registered office of CCLA IM and CCLA FM is Senator House, 85 Queen Victoria Street, London, EC4V 4ET.You may also contact CCLA by emailing

2. Who may use this website

2.1 The information on this website is intended for investors and prospective investors in the CCLA Funds and or clients or prospective clients of CCLA's services. Only certain types of investor are eligible to invest in the CCLA Funds (in summary these are charities and local authorities and certain of the CCLA Funds are restricted to particular types of these investors).

  • Charities for these purposes are charities or charitable organisations registered with the Charity Commission of England and Wales, or charities exempt from registration, or other persons eligible to participate in collective investment schemes constituted under the Church Funds Investment Measure 1958, section 24 of the Charities Act 1993 (now amended to section 96 of the Charities Act 2011), or section 25 of the Charities Act 1993 (now amended to 100 of the Charities Act 2011), or equivalent organisations in Scotland or Northern Ireland.
  • Local authorities for these purposes are local authorities as defined in section 23 of the Local Government Act 2003.

2.2 Please ensure that you understand whether or not you are an eligible investor in respect of the CCLA Funds, investments and investment services referred to on this website.

3. The purpose of this website

3.1 This website is for information purposes only and is intended as a general introduction to CCLA and the Funds it manages and/or provides investment management services to. The website content and any products and/or services described within it are subject to change without notice.

3.2 Nothing contained on this website constitutes the provision of investment, tax, legal or other advice. This website should not be regarded as constituting a distribution or an offer or solicitation to sell shares or units in any of the funds managed by CCLA outside the UK. Any opinions expressed on individual funds, services or products represent our views at the time of preparation and should not be interpreted as a personal recommendation to buy or sell any of the investments that may be referred to.

3.3 In using this website you may navigate between different pages which relate to different Funds. Each webpage will clearly identify the Fund to which it relates and bespoke information presented on each webpage will relate to the identified Fund.

4. Risk warning

4.1 The value of the CCLA Funds’ units and/or shares and the income from them can fall as well as rise and an investor may not get back the amount originally invested. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns.

4.2 Please refer to the Funds’ individual scheme particulars or prospectus for an overview of the investment risks identified by CCLA and the applicable terms and conditions for investing in the Funds, including rules concerning when sums invested may be realised by the investor. Any estimates of future capital or income returns or details of past performance on this website are for information purposes and are not to be relied on as a guide to future performance.

4.3 Persons who do not have professional experience in matters relating to investments are strongly encouraged to consult with a financial adviser before making any investment decision.

5. Complaints and compensation

8.1  All complaints will be handled in accordance with CCLA’s Complaints Policy  which can be found at

 If either CCLA IM or CCLA FM cannot meet its obligations (for example, where it has stopped trading and there are insufficient assets to meet its obligations), investors may be eligible to claim compensation up to a maximum of £85,000 from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. There are limits on who is eligible to claim and which funds are covered. For further information about the Financial Services Compensation Scheme please refer to or phone 0800 678 1100.

6. CCLA's liability

6.1 We give no warranty or representation and accept no liability for the accuracy, completeness or appropriateness of the information and material available on this website. Your use of any information or materials is entirely at your own risk and we accept no liability for any damage or loss including loss of profit whether direct, indirect or consequential in respect of the use of this website or its content; however, we do not exclude or restrict any liability that we may have under FSMA.

6.2 Due to the nature of the Internet, errors, interruptions and delays may occur at any time. Accordingly, this website is provided on an "AS IS" and "AS AVAILABLE" basis without any warranties of any kind. We shall have no liability, contingent or otherwise, or any responsibility whatsoever, for any interruption in availability of this website regardless of whether the connection or communication service is provided by CCLA or a third party service provider.

6.3 Transmission of information via the Internet is not completely secure and we cannot guarantee the security of your data transmitted to this website. Any transmission is at your own risk. We will use strict procedures and security features to try to prevent unauthorised access and we will do our best to protect your information (including personal data). However, we accept no liability in the unlikely event of a breach of our secure computer servers.

6.4 We will use reasonable endeavours to ensure that this website does not contain or promulgate any viruses or other malicious code. However, it is recommended that you should virus check all materials downloaded from this website. We will not be liable for any viruses, code, files or programs designed to interrupt, restrict, destroy or otherwise compromise the integrity of the website or any hardware on which it is hosted. We exclude to the fullest extent permitted by applicable laws all liability in connection with any damage or loss caused by computer viruses or other malicious code originating or contracted from this website.

7. Third party websites

7.1 This website may provide links to certain websites sponsored and maintained by third parties. CCLA is not responsible for the accuracy of information contained within websites provided by third parties and makes no representations concerning the content of such third party websites. The fact that CCLA may provide a link to another website does not constitute an endorsement, authorisation, sponsorship, or affiliation by CCLA with respect to that website, its owners, or its providers. You will be responsible for complying with the terms and conditions of use for any linked website.

8. Copyright and trade marks

8.1 CCLA is the owner or the licensee of all intellectual property rights in this website, and in the material published on it. Those works are protected by copyright laws and treaties around the world. All such rights are reserved.

8.2 You must not use any part of the materials on this website for commercial purposes without obtaining a licence to do so from us or our licensors.

8.3 No use of CCLA's name, logos and/or other trademarks (whether registered or unregistered) may be made by you without separate express written agreement being given by us, which shall be at our sole discretion.

9. Data protection

9.1 We will hold any personal information that you may provide to us through our CCLA website in confidence and in accordance with CCLA’s Privacy Notice and current Data Protection Legislation. CCLA is the data controller of any such information for these purposes.

9.2 You agree that the CCLA may process your personal data to: (i) confirm your identity and carry out background checks (which may involve sharing your personal data with third parties such as credit reference agencies); (ii) provide our services to you; (iii) follow up with you after you request information; (iv) comply with any requirement of any applicable statute, regulation, Financial Conduct Authority Rule and good practice and to fulfil our obligations under any reporting agreement entered into with any tax authority or revenue service(s); (v) prevent and detect abuse of our services or any of our rights and to protect our (and others’) property and rights; (vi) contact you by post, e-mail or telephone to bring to your attention additional products or services which may be of interest to you (you may inform CCLA at any time if you do not want to receive such communications); and (vii) as otherwise agreed by you. Failure to provide the personal data requested (or to agree to the above or below uses) may mean that CCLA is unable to provide the services requested.

9.3 CCLA may pass your personal data to any other firm within CCLA but will not pass on any personal data to any other third party except: (i) where, in relation to the performance of its services to you, CCLA sub-contracts part of the services or any support services; (ii) as agreed by you; or (iii) where required to do so for regulatory purposes as set out above.

9.4 CCLA may in exceptional circumstances transmit and process your personal data outside of the UK  in countries that do not provide the same level of data protection as the UK. In such unusual circumstances, you agree that it may do so subject to CCLA endeavouring to ensure that the arrangements comply with the standards required by the UK Information Commissioner.

9.5 Your use of this website (and your interest in particular webpages or particular CCLA products or services) may be monitored by CCLA. CCLA may keep records of all business transactions for at least five years.

9.6 By accepting these Terms of Use, you agree to the processing and disclosure of personal information as above. You are entitled to request details of information we may hold about you and to require us to correct any inaccuracies in your personal data. CCLA will treat all clients' records as confidential and so reserve the right to provide copies of your particular record, rather than allow access to files which may contain information about other clients. If you wish to access copies of your personal data or ask about the above arrangements, please contact CCLA's Data Protection Adviser at CCLA Investment Management Limited, Senator House, 85 Queen Victoria Street, London, EC4V 4ET.

9.7 Full details of CCLA’s Privacy Notice is available on CCLA’s website. Full details of CCLA’s Data Protection Policy, are available on request.

10. Cookies

10.1 This website uses cookies to distinguish you from other users of the website. This helps us to provide you with a good experience when you browse the website and also allows us to improve the website.

10.2 When you confirm you have read this page we will place a cookie on your computer to recognise you and prevent this page reappearing should you access this website on future occasions. The cookie will expire after six months, or sooner should there be a change to this important information.

10.3 You can activate the setting on your Internet browser to refuse the setting of all or some cookies. However, if you use your Internet browser settings to block all cookies (including essential cookies) you may not be able to access all or parts of the website. To help us provide a more personalised viewing experience we recommend that you view this website with a JavaScript enabled browser.

10.4 For more information about cookies, including how to set your Internet browser to reject cookies, please visit

11. Recording of communications

 Your telephone calls and electronic communications with CCLA may be recorded. You agree that CCLA may deliver copies or transcripts of such recording to any court or competent regulatory authority.  Such records of conversation and/or communications with you will be available on request for a period of five years (or, where requested by the FCA, for a period of up to seven years) from the date when a record is made.

12. General

12.1 Each of the paragraphs of these Terms of Use operates separately. If any court or relevant authority decides that any of them are unlawful or unenforceable, the remaining paragraphs will remain in full force and effect.

12.2 If we fail to insist that you perform any of your obligations under these Terms of Use, or if we do not enforce our rights against you, or if we delay in doing so, that will not mean that we have waived our rights against you and will not mean that you do not have to comply with those obligations.

12.3 These Terms of Use are governed by English law and are available only in English. You and we both agree that the courts of England and Wales will have non-exclusive jurisdiction over any dispute or claim (including non-contractual disputes or claims) arising out of or in connection with these Terms of Use.

18 August 2021             




Public sector funds

Public sector funds

The Local Authorities Property Fund (“LAPF” or “the fund”) is an unregulated collective investment scheme. As such, only persons who have been assessed as elective professional clients by CCLA in respect of the fund (or are already investors in the fund) are able to access details of the fund on this website.

If you have not been assessed as an elective professional client by CCLA or are not an existing investor in the fund, please contact us to discuss this fund:

Client Services

0800 022 3505

I confirm that I am a local authority/public sector body as defined in section 23 of the Local Government Act 2003. I also confirm that I have been assessed as an elective professional client by CCLA and/or I am an existing investor in the LAPF.